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The 36th Infantry Division was originally activated as a National Guard Division from Texas and Oklahoma. The 36th was activated prior to World War II on 25 November 1940. It deployed overseas on 2 April 1943, and first saw action on 9 September 1943, when it landed at Paestum on the Gulf of Salerno. The waiting enemy launched counterattacks, but the 36th advanced slowly, securing the area from Agropoli to Altavilla.